Birth injuries do not always lead to serious and lasting harm to the child. Many of them will heal on their own with no medical intervention. In some incidences, however, birth injuries result in chronic conditions such as cerebral palsy, Erb’s palsy, or Klumpke’s palsy. Of these, cerebral palsy is probably the most concerning, as the others do sometimes improve or resolve. Cerebral palsy can affect coordination, reflexes, gait, muscle tone and mental capabilities. In a study among six countries the incidence of cerebral palsy was estimated to be between 2.12 – 2.45 cases per 1000 births.