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Also known as a brain bleed, an infant intracranial hemorrhage is a birth injury that can vary from mild to extremely serious. Brain bleeds can be the result of oxygen deprivation near the time of birth (birth asphyxia ) or injuries due to excessive force on the infant’s head (birth trauma). In most instances, these complications arise due to medical negligence. The prompt diagnosis of intracranial hemorrhages is essential to administering appropriate treatment and limiting the severity of the injury.
There are two different kinds of brain bleeds: inside the brain (intracranial) and outside of the brain (extracranial).
A ruptured blood vessel can cause bleeding in the brain, also known as a hemorrhagic stroke. This deprives brain cells of nutrients and oxygen. A hemorrhagic stroke can also lead to swelling, irritation, and pressure buildup and can also cause neonatal brain injuries. Hemorrhagic stroke usually takes one of two forms:
Other types of intracranial hemorrhages include:
Intraventricular hemorrhage: This is a serious intracranial hemorrhage that takes place when there is bleeding in the brain’s ventricular system. This is where cerebrospinal fluid is created. It is most often seen in premies and newborns with very low birth weight since the blood vessels in their brains have not been able to finish developing, which makes them weaker. Birth trauma and oxygen deprivation can also be contributing factors.
Subdural hematoma or subdural hemorrhage: This happens when one or more blood vessels in the subdural space rupture. The subdural space is the space located between the arachnoid membranes and the surface of the dura. These ruptures are commonly the result of a traumatic injury, such as birth trauma.
Common forms of extracranial hemorrhages include:
The symptoms of a brain bleed in a newborn will vary depending on the severity and type of bleed but often include:
Common causes of and risk factors for intracranial hemorrhages in newborns include:
Some additional risk factors are:
If any of these risk factors for intracranial hemorrhage are observed, doctors need to closely monitor the infant for any indications of fetal distress. The likelihood of a C-section birth should also be discussed with the mother. If fetal distress is detected and normal delivery methods are unsuccessful, an emergency C-section will be necessary to reduce the risk of intracranial hemorrhage as well as other serious birth injuries.
Unfortunately, serious brain and head trauma to babies can also be caused by medical intervention in labor and delivery, such as:
In addition, premies are at a greater risk of intracranial hemorrhages because their underdeveloped blood vessels are so fragile. For this reason, it is vital that healthcare professionals do everything they safely and reasonably can to prevent premature births and deliver premature babies as safely as possible.
Treatment of brain bleeds in newborn babies is mostly supportive, although neurosurgical intervention might be required for certain types. The prognosis of a brain bleed will vary based on the location and severity of the bleed. Some babies do fare quite well with little to no lasting impacts. More serious brain bleeds, however, can cause physical and mental impairments such as cerebral palsy, learning disabilities, and developmental delays. Promptly and properly diagnosing an intracranial hemorrhage is critical. The sooner a newborn is diagnosed, the sooner therapy and treatment can be administered.
Seeking legal assistance for an intracranial hemorrhage in a newborn is the most important step you can take to ensure the best life possible for your child. Collecting financial compensation via a medical malpractice lawsuit will make it possible for you and your family to pay for the treatments, therapy, medical equipment, lifestyle adjustments, and home care your child may require. The Dallas birth injury attorneys at Rasansky Law Firm specialize in birth injury cases, including intracranial hemorrhages. Our experience lets us take on complex birth injury cases caused by a variety of medical errors and complications. ,
If your child was subjected to an intracranial hemorrhage during birth, our lawyers can review your case, determine if negligence was involved, pinpoint all liable parties, and discuss your legal options. We offer a free initial consultation and can advise you on how to best proceed with your birth injury case. Call us at (214) 617- 1886 to schedule your free consultation.
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Note: The information that was utilized in this post was gathered from the use of secondary sources. This information used has not been confirmed or independently verified. If you locate any information that is not correct, please contact our firm as soon as possible so that we can make the appropriate corrections. If you find any information that is false, we will remove or correct the post immediately after it is brought to our attention.
Disclaimer: As a valued member of the Dallas community, Rasansky Law Firm’s goal is to improve the safety of all residents in the great state of Texas. These posts should not be viewed as a solicitation for business and the information included herein should not be taken as medical or legal advice. The photos used in this post are not representative of the actual crash scene.
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